Artificial Intelligence is one of the most critical technologies in the world today. It is currently used in manufacturing, education, agriculture, and other fields.
But can AI assist us in fighting climate change? Are there any downsides that could harm our environment?
How AI Can Help Us Fight Climate Change
Let us look at five ways AI can help combat climate change:
1. Climate Monitoring
Although we already have much technology to monitor our environment, adding AI to these systems may allow us to step things up.
With the aid of artificial intelligence, specific climatic patterns that haven’t been picked up on using conventional approaches, such as particular tendencies that may suggest how our world is changing, could be identified.
Additionally, AI can make significant climate predictions, improving our ability to prevent harmful consequences.
To do this, it might be helpful to give orbital satellites AI capabilities, allowing for the creation of a more comprehensive image of the state of the planet.
But on a smaller scale, a particular ecosystem’s changing nature may be evaluated using AI climate monitoring.
Regardless of the scope, machine learning could significantly contribute to understanding how human actions impact the environment.
2. Tracking Carbon Emissions
According to Our World in Data, estimates tell us that 1.5 trillion tonnes of CO2 have been released into the atmosphere since 1750, making carbon emissions a significant factor in climate change.
We know that cutting carbon emissions is essential in combating climate change. Still, on a worldwide level, this effort has yet to be very successful.
The carbon footprints of significant businesses, like oil and gas industries, textile manufacturers, and mass farming operations, may be continuously tracked using AI to assess the impact of their operations on the environment.
Alternatively, AI might track the carbon footprint of specific people or entire groups of people, like the citizens of a big city or a small village.
Predictive AI, which uses data analysis and machine learning to produce predictions, may also be used in this situation.
By predicting future carbon emissions, it will be possible to understand how events will develop depending on our current actions and activities.
Government-imposed environmental laws and regulations may benefit from this in turn.
Finding the significant sources of carbon emissions and emphasizing the leading causes of this problem is another interesting possible application of AI in reducing the global carbon footprint.
Both on a small scale and a large scale, this could give us important information about what or who is endangering our planet.
3. Developing Fresh Eco-Friendly Concepts
AI, an intelligent technology that can learn and understand data, can help develop fresh, original ideas to combat climate change.
For instance, data about current energy consumption practices, the technology accessible in our modern day, and the environmental objectives we seek to achieve could be provided to an AI system.
The system may then provide a list of possibilities for more intelligent energy generation to reduce resource consumption, carbon emissions, and cost.
AI could be used to devise ways for people to conserve energy at home or to provide businesses with more efficient ways to run equipment, convey commodities, and other things.
Even eco-focused apps might include AI to help users discover new methods to minimize their daily carbon emissions.
Although there are already human experts who can assist in this area, the enormous quantity of data that AI systems can consume and their propensity to spot trends and seek answers make them a promising contenders in our quest to be more environmentally friendly.
4. Monitoring Land Use Patterns
Today’s climate change is significantly influenced by how our planet’s land is used.
From carbon emissions to the destruction of natural habitats, large-scale agriculture, deforestation, and home construction waste all contribute to global warming. Additionally, we require more methods for using land that is less harmful to the environment.
This must be monitored to understand better how land is being utilized or misused, particularly by more giant corporations with the infrastructure to alter broad landscapes.
In this approach, artificial intelligence (AI) can be used to examine how we can improve how we use land and even provide fresh ideas for better land use (such as employing desert stretches for solar panel farms or testing big-scale gadgets and machines).
5. Issuing Warnings About Environmental Hazards
The rising frequency of natural disasters like floods and forest fires is a worrisome effect of climate change.
We must have technology in place to monitor the planet and warn the appropriate parties of any imminent risks because these occurrences can be disastrous and result in the loss of countless lives.
Predictive AI may be helpful once more in this situation. Artificial intelligence could be used in sensory devices, surveillance systems, and other technologies to study the natural world.
Sensory apparatus, surveillance tools, and other devices could employ artificial intelligence to understand the natural patterns of various settings and alert users when something has changed.
An AI program may, for instance, track weather patterns, forecast or report rainfall, alert users to high temperatures in arid forests, and more.
Concerning catastrophes brought on by climate change, AI can create strategies for effective evacuation, rescue, or reconstruction in the event of a disaster.
AI might be employed, for example, to determine the best evacuation routes or to help builders design better disaster-resistant infrastructure to lessen the damage if a similar incident occurs again.
The Effects of AI on the Environment
Even though there are numerous ways that AI could assist us in the fight against climate change, this technology already has adverse effects.
It takes effort and time to create and test AI systems.
According to the MIT Technology Review, a single AI model can produce up to 626,000 pounds of carbon dioxide equivalent, equal to the lifetime CO2 emissions of five typical American cars.
It’s essential to note that, despite any potential benefits, developing AI technology leaves a substantial carbon footprint that significantly worsens the world’s climate situation.
Though AI alone cannot address climate catastrophe, its incorporation into our eco-friendly habits has the potential to alter the course of events significantly.
We will likely see this technology make significant gains toward cooling our planet shortly. Still, its environmental impact must also be acknowledged and reduced as AI grows more popular.